The city of Charlotte in Mecklenburg County is also “of German descent”. Nicknamed the Queen City, Charlotte and its resident county are named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become queen of Great Britain and Ireland, later Hannover as well, as a result of her marriage to British King George III the year before the city’s founding in 1762.
The German princess Sophie Charlotte was born in 1744 in Mirow (currently: Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). Queen Charlotte was a patroness of the arts, known to Johann Christian Bach and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, among others. She was also an amateur botanist who helped expand Kew Gardens. George III and Charlotte had 15 children, 13 of whom survived to adulthood. She died 1818 at Kew Gardens.
A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents, prompting him to write that Charlotte was “a hornet’s nest of rebellion,” leading to the nickname The Hornet’s Nest.
Today Charlotte is the largest city in the U.S. state of North Carolina and the seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2010, Charlotte’s population according to the US Census Bureau was 731,424, making it the 17th largest city in the United States based on population. The Charlotte metropolitan area had a 2010 population of 1,758,038. Residents of Charlotte are referred to as "Charlotteans".
The city is a major U.S. financial center, and is now the second largest banking center in the United States after New York City. The nation’s second largest financial institution by assets, Bank of America, calls the city home. The city was also the former corporate home of Wachovia until its purchase by Wells Fargo in 2008; Charlotte became the headquarters for East Coast Operations of Wells Fargo, who sponsors a well-known Golf tournament on the PGA tour in the town. Charlotte is also home of the Carolina Panthers (NFL Football), the Charlotte Bobcats (NBA Basketball), the NASCAR Hall of Fame, and the U.S. National Whitewater Center.
Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate. Charlotte is located between Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city.